一、对话的开头 对话的开头部分一般都会引出谈话的主题，比较容易设主旨题，主要考查对谈话主题或所涉及场景的把握。 【例1】
[A] To make a business report to the woman.
[B]To be interviewed for a job in the woman's company.
[C] To resign from his position in the woman's company.
[D] To exchange stock market information with the woman.
W: Please have a seat, Mr. Thunders. I received your job resume last week, and was very impressed.
M: Thank you!
W: We are a small financial company trading mostly stocks and bonds. May I ask why you are interested in working for us?
19. What's the purpose of Mr. Thunder's visit?
[A] Changing her major.
[B]Spending less of her parents' money.
[C]Getting transferred to the English Department.
[D]Leaving the university.
W: ……They would be so disappointed though if I told them I was quitting.
25. What is Karen thinking of doing?
[A] He is head of a small trading company.
[B] He works in an international insurance company.
[C] He leads a team of brokers in a big company.
[D] He is a public relations officer in a small company. W: That's good to hear. Would you mind telling me a little bit about your present job?
M: I'm currently working in a large international company in charge of a team of 8 brokers , we buy and sell stocks for major clients worldwide.
20. What is Mr. Thunder's current job?
[A] She's worried about the seminar.
[B] The man keeps interrupting her.
[C]She finds it too hard.
[D] She lacks interest in it.
W: No, Jim, I suppose I haven't. I need to get through although, but I keep drifting away.
M: So it doesn't really hold your interest?
W: No, not really. I wouldn't bother with it, to be honest, but I have to read it for a seminar. I'm at the university.
22. Why can't Karen concentrate on the book?
对话中一方给另一方提出的建议或意见常常会被作为出题的重点，因此，听音时要注意捕捉一些特殊的表达建议的句式，如You’d better…, why not do…?等。
[A] Study the map of Quebec Province.
[B] Find more about Quebec City.
[C] Brush up on her French.
[D] Learn more about the local customs.
M: Well, …In fact, Montreal is the third largest French-speaking city in the world. So you’d better practice your French before you go.
W: Good advice. …
20. What does the man advise the woman to do before the trip?
[A]The lectures are boring.
[B]The course is poorly designed.
[C] She prefers Philosophy to English.
[D] She enjoys literature more.
W: I should say, I don't like Dickens at all really, the author, indeed, I am starting to like the whole course less and less.
M: It's not just the book, it's the course as well?
W: Yeah, ……You see, I wanted to do philosophy rather than English, but my parents took me out of it.
23. Why is Karen starting to like the course less and less?
【解析】细节题。本题是在对话中的比较处命题。女士话中的do philosophy rather than English表明女士宁愿学哲学而不愿学英语。rather than意为“而不是，不愿”。
[A] The personnel manager should be fired for inefficiency.
[B]A few engineers should be employed to modernize the factory.
[C]The entire staff should be retrained.
[D] Better-educated employees should be promoted. M: And what's the picture?
W: We'll probably have to hire a couple of engineers to help us modernize the factory.
21. What does the woman suggest about human resources?
【解析】细节题。对话中女士建议hire a couple of engineers，选项[B]中的a few engineers should be employed与此相对应。
对话中出现列举或举例的地方往往也是出题的重点，因此，当听到such as, for example, for instance, the first, the second等一类词语，应加以留意。
[A] It cost muc
h more than its worth.
[B] It should be brought up-to-date.
[C] It calls for immediate repairs.
[D] It can still be used for a long time.
W: Sure. I've been trying to come up with some new production and advertising strategies. First of all, if we want to stay competitive, we need to modernize our factory. New equipment should've been installed long ago.
20. What does the woman say about the equipment of their factory?
must, may, can等情态动词常用于表示对现在或过去事实的推测，这些地方常常受到出题人的青睐。
[A] The woman thinks Mr. Saunders is asking for more than they can offer.
[B]Mr. Saunders will share one third of the woman's responsibilities.
[C]Mr. Saunders believes that he deserves more paid vacations.
[D]The woman seems to be satisfied with Mr. Saunders' past experience.
W: Well, you might just be the person we've been looking for. Do you have any questions?
M: Uh-hum, if I were hired, how many accounts would I be handling?
21. What can we conclude from the conversation?
【解析】推断题。由女士话中的推测句式You might just be the person…可推知，女士似乎对男士过去的经验很满意。