A recent study, published in last week’s Journal of the American Medical Association, offers a picture of how risky it is to get a lift from a teenage driver.
Robert Foss, a scientist at the University of North Carolina Highway Safety Research Center, says the higher death rates for teenage drivers have less to do with “really stupid behavior” than with just a lack of driving experience.
RTCA, an organization which advises the aviation industry, has recommended that all airlines ban such devices from being used during "critical" stages of flight, particularly take-off and landing.
The fact that ordinary citizens are now starting to think seriously about the nation's moral climate, says this ethics professor at the University of Chicago, is reason to hope that new ideas will come forward to improve it.
The basic issue,” he says, “is that adults who are responsible for issuing licenses fail to recognize how complex and skilled a task driving is.”
1.重要语境、人物关系归纳: 词义场和词义网 两者联系密切
bank: post office: railway station: airport, plane: restaurant:
hotel: library: hospital : department store/supermarket
1. A) A math teacher and his colleague. B) A teacher and his student.
C) A student and his classmate. D) A librarian and a student.
2. A) A shop assistant. B) A telephone operator. C) A waitress. D) A clerk.
3. A) A railway porter. B) A bus conductor. C) A taxi driver. D)A postal clerk.
4. A) Colleagues. B) Husband and wife. C) Employer and employee. D) Mother and son.
M：I thought the librarian said we could check out as many books as we need with out our library cards.
W：That's right，but not those reference books.
1. A) She takes it as a kind of exercise. B) She wants to save money.
C) She loves doing anything that is new. D) Her office isn't very far.
2. A) Most people killed in traffic accidents are heavy drinkers. B) She does not agree with the man.
C) Drunk drivers are not guilty. D) People should pay more attention to the danger of drunk driving.
3. A) Clean her house while she is away. B) Buy her some plants and take care of them.
C) Water her plants while she is away. D) Water her plants when he is not at work
4. A) $ 1.40 B) $ 4.30 C) $ 6.40 D) $ 8.60
1. 有让步句，答案在主句: 留意though, although, while等开头的句子，
W: Have you heard about the plane crash yesterday? It caused a hundred and twenty deaths. I am never at ease when taking a flight.
M: Though we often hear about air crashes and serious casualties, flying is one of the safest ways to travel.
Q: What do we learn from this conversation?
A) The man thinks traveling by air is quite safe. B) The woman never travels by plane.
C) Both speakers feel nervous when flying. D) The speakers feel sad about the serious loss of life.
2. 有转折连词，答案在转折后的句子。留意but, however, nevertheless, nonetheless等词。但需注意的是该情况适用于第二个人第一句话以转折连词开头时。
. W: I don't understand why this book for self-study doesn't have answers to the questions.
M: But it does. You can find them alt the back of the book.
Q: What does the man say about the self-study book?
A) He thinks the book should include more information. B) He doesn't think it necessary to provide the answers.
C) The answers will be added in a later edition. D) The book does include the answers.
强调方式有：多次重复某个词或概念;用定语从句或对比、类比来说明某个单词或概念;或用形容词最高级等加以修饰的词。有时会有一些暗示如：“I almost forgot”、“remember”、“What he wants to do is to”等。
M: My headaches are terrible. Maybe I need more sleep.
W: Actually, you need less sun and some aspirin. It would help if you wear a hat.
Q: What does the woman think is the cause of the man's headache?
A) Long exposure to the sun. C) Too tight a hat. B) Lack of sleep. D) Long working hours.
M: Mrs. Winter, I need your advice, I want to buy a dress for my wife, can you tell me where I can get one at a reasonable price?
W: Sure, go to Richard's. It has the latest styles and gives a 30% discount to husbands who shop alone
Q: What do we know about Richard's shop?
A) gives a 30% discount to all customers. B) It is run by Mrs. Winter's husband.
C) It hires Mrs. Winter as an adviser. D) It encourages husbands to shop on their own.
. M: To collect data for my report, I need to talk to someone who knows that small city very well. I was told that you’d lived here for quite a long time.
W: Oh, I wish I could help. But I was only a child then.
Q: What does the woman imply?
A) She doesn’t remember much about the city. B) She's never been to the city.
C) She would find someone else to help. D) She would talk to the man later.
. M: I'm really exhausted. But I don't want to miss the film that comes on at 11.
W: If I were you, I'd skip it. We both have to get up early tomorrow. And anyway, I've heard it isn't that exciting.
Q: What does the woman mean?
A) The man should stay up and watch the program. B) The man should read something exciting instead.
C) The man should go to bed at eleven. D) The man should give up watching the movie.
6. 特定表建议的句型:Why not… ;What about…;Can’t you…. 祈使句。
W: The people next door are making so much noise, I just can't concentrate, Tom.
M: Why don't you stay at the library? It’s much quieter there.
Q: What does Tom mean?
A)The woman should have complained to her neighbor. B)The woman should stay out until the neighbors are quiet.
C)The woman should have stayed at the library. D)The lab will be a better place for reading.